what are the symptoms and prevention for lyme disease in humans?

Lyme disease is the bacterial infection that is transmitted by ticks.  The most common sign of infection is an expanding area of redness that begins at the site of a tick bite about a week after it has occurred.The rash is typically neither itchy nor painful.

What are the symptoms of Lyme disease?

The early symptoms may include fever, headache and feeling tired. If untreated, symptoms may include loss of the ability to move one or both sides of the face, joint pains, severe headaches with neck stiffness, or heart palpitations, among others. About 10 to 20% of people develop joint pains, memory problems, and feel tired for at least six months. The occurrence of red and painless rashes within 3-32 days after biting by ticks in the contacted area. 

When lyme disease not cured or treated for a long time, the disease can involve cognitive impairment, brain fog, migraines, balance issues, weakness in the legs, awkward gait, facial paralysis, bladder problems, and back pain. In rare cases, untreated Lyme disease may cause frank psychosis(a severe mental disorder in which thought and emotions are so impaired that contact is lost with external reality). Panic attacks and anxiety can occur; also, the delusional behaviour may be seen, sometimes accompanied derealisation syndrome, where the patients begin to feel detached from themselves or reality.

How Lyme disease transmitted in human?

Lyme Disease is transmitted to human by the bite of infected ticks. The disease does not appear to be transmissible between people, by other animals, or through food.

What’s the best way to prevent a tick bite?

To prevent the tick bites such as by wearing long pants tucked into socks, full sleeved t-shirts, light-coloured clothes so that ticks can easily be visible before they attached themselves.
People who work in areas with woods, bushes, leaf litter, and tall grass are at risk of becoming infected with Lyme at work. So dresses should be worn carefully, and the clothes of those employers should be washed in hot water which kills the ticks if present in clothes

  • DEET is effective insects repellant and used as prevention of ticks too
  • The uses of pesticides to reduce tick numbers 
  • Killing the ticks first and removal of ticks within 36 hours of attachment can reduce transmission rate

Why Pesticides reduce the number of ticks?

Pesticides are the only toxic substances used for destroying insects or other organisms harmful to cultivated plants or to animals. This includes substances that kill weeds (herbicides), insects (insecticides), fungus (fungicides), rodents (rodenticides), and others. The use of pesticides can help to reduced the ticks. 

What are treatments / cure for Lyme disease?

The only treatment for Lyme Disease is the use of antibiotics such as amoxicillin and tetracycline, usually for 10-21 days.
Other medicines that may include cefuroxime or doxycycline
If you're treated early in the infection stage, you can be recovered fully.

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